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Types of Climbing: What They Are

There are different types of climbing that it is convenient to know for those who want to start in this sport or have already begun to practice it. These can be classified according to the types of climbing meetings, the surface on which it is carried out, the types of climbing rope used or others.

If you enjoy outdoor sport or have started climbing, stay tuned. Knowing the most common types of climbing will help you choose your next challenges. Or decide which discipline you find most appealing.

Types Of Climbing According To The Surface On Which They Are Performed

Rock Climbing

There are different types of rock climbing. It is the most common type of climbing in our geography for obvious reasons. Resistance, agility and balance are three necessary qualities to practice this type of climbing.

Within this there are different disciplines. But it is always necessary to have adequate equipment and know the rock climbing techniques that will help you in your progress.

Ice Climbing

For ice climbing you need special equipment. As its name suggests, in the different types of ice climbing advances are made on this surface.

So having crampons, ice axes and breathable thermal underwear is essential. It doesn’t matter if it’s free ice climbing, sport climbing, group climbing or solo climbing. The equipment and refined techniques are essential for the safety and enjoyment of the climber.

Mixed Climbing

When an ascent (or advance) is made on both rock and ice, it is called mixed climbing. It is advisable to gain experience in both rock and ice climbing before embarking on mixed climbing.

The difficulty and having to carry equipment for the different sections, makes it advisable to practice it with previous experience in both modalities separately.

Rock Climbing

There are currently a large number of indoor and outdoor rockodromes. For many sportsmen it is a way to prepare themselves daily, without leaving the city, to later practice different types of climbing.

In addition, the climbing walls are ideal facilities for beginners in climbing, putting into practice the climbing tips of experts and know the basics of this sport.

Main Types Of Climbing, Which Disciplines Are Most Popular?

Free Climbing

The free climbing is a modality that every time counts with more followers. For many it is the purest and most authentic type of climbing. In free climbing the sportsman uses only his own strength to ascend and descend. In other words, it is his hands and feet that do the work of progression and allow him to rest during his advancement.

The free climber does not rest hanging on to the insurance between meetings. He does not use rope rings or pegs. Only his own strength and grip. It may seem simple to begin with, because it does not require knowing types of climbing knots.

But it does require a great knowledge of climbing techniques and an important strength training. And equipment to facilitate progression, such as the necessary cat’s feet.

Classic Climbing

Of the different types of climbing, classical climbing is the most traditional. And also the most practiced. It is convenient to know the types of climbing rope and the types of climbing knots to practice it. In addition to the basic techniques for climbing.

Because in this modality it is allowed to use different types of climbing meetings, with different insurances and anchors.

Sport Climbing

This type of climbing can be carried out both on rock and on artificial walls. It seeks to ascend through artificial structures arranged in different slopes and heights. The objective is both to reach the summit and to do so with clean and aesthetically beautiful movements. Precision and polished style are valued.

Big Wall O Large Walls

One of the most spectacular types of climbing is that of the large walls. These climbing routes usually last several days, so it is necessary to climb backpack with provisions and hydration systems for this time. However, it is not advisable to carry an excess load so as not to make climbing even more difficult.

When climbing large walls, you sleep on suspended hammocks. Unlike other types of climbing in which even if you climb for several days, the nights are done in camping, with sleeping bags in open air or tent.


Among the types of integral or natural climbing is the most popular. It consists of climbing without ropes or artificial supports on walls or blocks of a few meters. Normally the equipment includes some kind of mattress to cushion falls.


One of the most popular types of climbing is psychobloc. Do you know this discipline? Psychobloc is a type of bulder climbing that consists of climbing without rope over the sea. Water replaces the cushioning action of the mattress.

Although it poses a certain danger superior to the traditional bulder precisely because it falls on the sea surface. The cliffs on which you climb are usually between 10 and 20 meters in walls with an inclination greater than 90 degrees. In this way the falls take place on the water without danger of falling on the rocks.

Physical endurance and experience in other types of free climbing are essential for practicing psychobloc safely. But also the climatic and sea conditions, because the falls on the water need to go out through this medium. In addition to attending to climbing tips it is advisable to master